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How to Get a General Practitioner & Family License

February 03, 2023 · 3 min read

Becoming a licensed family and general practitioner (GP) requires a significant investment of time and effort, but the rewards of a fulfilling career in primary care can be well worth it. To become a licensed GP, individuals must typically complete several key steps, including:

Step 1. Earn a medical degree

The first step in becoming a GP is to earn a medical degree. This typically involves completing a four-year undergraduate degree, followed by four years of medical school. During medical school, students will take a variety of classes and clinical rotations, including anatomy, pharmacology, and family medicine.

Step 2. Complete a residency program

After earning a medical degree, individuals must complete a residency program in family medicine. Residency programs typically last three years and provide hands-on training in a variety of clinical settings, including hospitals, clinics, and community health centers.

Step 3. Pass the Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) or the Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination (COMLEX-USA)

After completing a residency program, individuals must pass a licensing exam in order to practice as a GP. The exam will test their knowledge of family medicine and their ability to diagnose and treat patients.

Step 4. Obtain a medical license from the state in which you plan to practice

Apply for a license from the medical board in the state where you plan to practice. This often requires submitting an application, paying a fee, and providing documentation such as transcripts, exam scores, and proof of professional liability insurance. Provide fingerprints and undergo a background check.

Step 5. Obtain certification from the American Board of Family Medicine (ABFM) or the American Osteopathic Board of Family Physicians (AOBFP)

The certification process may take several years to complete and may include multiple steps, such as written exams, oral exams, and a review of your professional and medical records. It's important to check the specific requirements and processes for the ABFM or AOBFP to ensure that you are fully prepared for the certification process.

Step 6. Meet continuing education requirements

GPs must also meet continuing education requirements in order to maintain their license. This typically involves completing a certain number of hours of continuing medical education (CME) each year and staying current with the latest developments in family medicine.

It is important to note that the specific requirements for becoming a GP can vary depending on the country or region. In some countries, there may be additional exams or certifications required, or different education and training requirements. Additionally, some countries may have different laws and regulations regarding licensing and practice.

Once you have completed all of the necessary steps and obtained a license, you can begin practicing as a GP. As a GP, you will have the opportunity to provide comprehensive care to patients of all ages, and to make a positive impact on the health and well-being of your community.

In conclusion, becoming a licensed GP requires completing a series of steps, including earning a medical degree, completing a residency program, passing a licensing exam, and meeting continuing education requirements. It is important to research the specific requirements in your country or region and to be prepared for the time and effort required to achieve this goal. The rewards of a fulfilling career in primary care, however, can be well worth it.

by Yevheniia Osmakova

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