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Role of an Orthopedic Surgeon in Surgery

February 03, 2023 · 4 min read

An orthopedic surgeon is a medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions and injuries related to the musculoskeletal system, which includes bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and nerves. This type of surgeon performs a wide range of procedures, including joint replacements, spinal surgeries, sports medicine procedures, and fracture repairs.

Orthopedic surgeons typically complete four years of undergraduate education, four years of medical school, and five years of a surgical residency program focused on orthopedic surgery. They are then required to pass a rigorous certification exam to practice. They may also choose to specialize in a certain area of orthopedics, such as hand surgery, pediatrics, or spine surgery.

Orthopedic surgeons play an important role in helping patients regain mobility and reduce pain after an injury or surgery. They may work in a hospital, clinic, or private practice setting and may also collaborate with physical therapists and other medical specialists to provide comprehensive care to patients.

Orthopedic surgeons use a variety of surgical and non-surgical techniques to treat musculoskeletal conditions and injuries. Some of the common procedures they perform include:

  1. Joint replacements: Orthopedic surgeons replace damaged or worn-out joints, such as hips and knees, with artificial joints made of metal and plastic.
  2. Fracture repairs: Orthopedic surgeons treat broken bones by setting and stabilizing them with plates, screws, and other devices.
  3. Spinal surgeries: Orthopedic surgeons treat spinal conditions, such as herniated discs, scoliosis, and spinal stenosis by performing procedures such as spinal fusion and laminectomy.
  4. Sports medicine procedures: Orthopedic surgeons help athletes and active individuals recover from injuries, such as ACL tears, rotator cuff tears, and meniscus tears, through arthroscopic surgery and other procedures.
  5. Arthroscopy: Orthopedic surgeons use small incisions and tiny cameras to diagnose and treat joint problems, such as torn cartilage, without the need for large incisions.


Orthopedic surgeons also play a key role in the pre-and post-operative care of patients. They work closely with other medical professionals, such as physical therapists and primary care physicians, to develop treatment plans and provide post-operative care to help patients recover as quickly and fully as possible.

In addition to performing surgery, orthopedic surgeons also use non-surgical techniques to treat musculoskeletal conditions, such as physical therapy, medications, and bracing. They also use diagnostic tools such as x-rays, MRI, and CT scan to help them make an accurate diagnosis.


Is an Orthopedic Surgeon considered to be a popular profession?

Orthopedic surgery is a popular profession for several reasons.

First, the field of orthopedics is growing rapidly due to an aging population and the increasing prevalence of conditions such as osteoarthritis. As people live longer, they are more likely to experience issues with their bones and joints, creating a greater demand for orthopedic surgeons.

Second, orthopedic surgery is a highly technical and specialized field that requires extensive training and education. This gives orthopedic surgeons a high level of job security and earning potential.

Third, orthopedic surgeons have the ability to make a significant impact on patient's lives by helping them recover from injuries and conditions that limit their mobility and quality of life. Many orthopedic surgeons find great satisfaction in helping their patients regain their independence and return to their normal activities.

Fourth, Orthopedic surgeons work with patients of all ages, from children to the elderly. This allows orthopedic surgeons to have a diverse patient population and a variety of cases to work on.

Fifth, advances in technology and techniques have made orthopedic surgery much more effective and efficient. This has led to better outcomes for patients and increased demand for orthopedic surgeons.

In summary, an orthopedic surgeon is a popular profession because of the growing demand for their services, the high level of job security and earning potential, the ability to make a significant impact on patients' lives, and the diversity of cases to work on.


How much does an Orthopedic Surgeon earn?

The salary of an orthopedic surgeon varies depending on several factors such as location, experience, and type of practice.

On average, orthopedic surgeons in the United States earn a salary of around $482,000 per year, according to data from the Medical Group Management Association. However, this can range from around $300,000 to over $700,000 per year.

Orthopedic surgeons working in private practice typically earn more than those working in hospitals or other medical facilities. Orthopedic surgeons with more experience and a specialized focus, such as sports medicine or hand surgery, may also earn a higher salary.

It's important to note that these are averages and the actual salary of an orthopedic surgeon may vary greatly depending on their location, the type of practice they work in, and their expertise. Additionally, the cost of living and the overall cost of running a practice can also affect the salary of an orthopedic surgeon.

by Olena Kukhtyk

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